A New Role for Lipocalin Prostaglandin D Synthase in the Regulation of Brown Adipose Tissue Substrate Utilization

Sam Virtue, Helena Feldmann, Mark Christian, Chong Yew Tan, Mojgan Masoodi, Martin Dale, Chris Lelliott, Keith Burling, Mark Campbell, Naomi Eguchi, Peter Voshol, Jaswinder K. Sethi, Malcolm Parker, Yoshihiro Urade, Julian L. Griffin, Barbara Cannon, Antonio Vidal-Puig. 2012. A New Role for Lipocalin Prostaglandin D Synthase in the Regulation of Brown Adipose Tissue Substrate Utilization. Diabetes. 61
Pagina's / pages: 7
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Taal/language: Engels
Abstract / summary in English:

In this study, we define a new role for lipocalin prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) in the control of metabolic fuel utilization by brown adipose tissue (BAT). We demonstrate that L-PGDS expression in BAT is positively correlated with BAT activity, upregulated by peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ coactivator 1α or 1β and repressed by receptor-interacting protein 140. Under cold-acclimated conditions, mice lacking L-PGDS had elevated reliance on carbohydrate to provide fuel for thermogenesis and had increased expression of genes regulating glycolysis and de novo lipogenesis in BAT. These transcriptional differences were associated with increased lipid content in BAT and a BAT lipid composition enriched with de novo synthesized lipids. Consistent with the concept that lack of L-PGDS increases glucose utilization, mice lacking L-PGDS had improved glucose tolerance after high-fat feeding. The improved glucose tolerance appeared to be independent of changes in insulin sensitivity, as insulin levels during the glucose tolerance test and insulin, leptin, and adiponectin levels were unchanged. Moreover, L-PGDS knockout mice exhibited increased expression of genes involved in thermogenesis and increased norepinephrine-stimulated glucose uptake to BAT, suggesting that sympathetically mediated changes in glucose uptake may have improved glucose tolerance. Taken together, these results suggest that L-PGDS plays an important role in the regulation of glucose utilization in vivo.

Keywords in English: lipocalin prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS), metabolic fuel utilization, brown adipose tissue (BAT), peroxisome proliferator–activated receptor γ coactivator, glycolysis, de novo lipogenesis, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, Type 2 Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome, Pre-diabetes